Heart attacks occur when the muscles in the heart have been damaged or are prevented from getting enough oxygen. Many cardiac related problems occur with blocked arteries, which prevent the heart from sending purified blood to the rest of the body.
It can be quite hard to tell the difference between heart burn and a heart attack, as tightness, pain and discomfort in the chest are common symptoms of each. Look out for other signs, such as profuse sweating, nausea, vomiting and a tight pressure in the chest, pain radiating from the chest to the left arm and shortness of breath for more than a few minutes. Go seek medical attention immediately if you experience any of these symptoms.
Chew an aspirin and call an ambulance if you think you are having a heart attack, but do not take one if you are allergic to aspirin. Clot clearing medications and a host of other procedures will be administered to you upon arriving at the hospital.
Several risk factors increase the chance of heart attack, including smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol, family history, hypertension, obesity and lack of exercise.
Reduce the risk of getting a heart attack by trying the following:
- Avoiding smoking. It is best to quit smoking.
- Developing a healthy eating lifestyle by avoiding fatty foods, excess salt, and red meats.
- Keeping an eye on high blood pressure and diabetes.
- Exercising regularly for at minimum of 30 minutes a day. It has been said that walking is most beneficial.
- Preventing the development of obesity by doing what it takes to maintain a healthy weight.
- Making a decision to live a healthier lifestyle.
- Practicing meditation.
- Doing exercises that includes regular relaxation and breathing.
- Undergoing periodic cardiac evaluations.
- Consuming foods that are abundant in anti-oxidants in your diet.
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